Prevalence of overweight and obesity in rural and urban settings of 10 European countries.

TitlePrevalence of overweight and obesity in rural and urban settings of 10 European countries.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsPeytremann-Bridevaux, I, Faeh, D, Santos-Eggimann, B
JournalPrev Med
Volume44
Issue5
Pagination442-6
Date Published2007 May
DOI10.1016/j.ypmed.2006.11.011
ISSN0091-7435
KeywordsAged, Europe, Health Surveys, Humans, Middle Aged, Obesity, Overweight, Rural Health, Urban Health
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: First to explore differences in prevalence of overweight and obesity between rural and urban areas of 10 European countries, then to determine whether body mass index varies with the countries' gross domestic product.

METHODS: We used baseline data (2004) from countries participating in the Study of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, which included 16,695 non-institutionalized individuals aged 50-79 years with body mass index > or =18.5 kg/m(2). Height and weight were self-reported and body mass index categorized as normal weight (18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)), overweight (25.0-29.9 kg/m(2)) and obesity (> or =30 kg/m(2)). Weighted prevalences of overweight and obesity in rural and urban areas were estimated, and logistic regressions performed to investigate the association between rural residence and body mass index, adjusting for age, sex, household income and education. Spearman's correlation examined the relationship between body mass index and gross domestic product.

RESULTS: We found no differences in the prevalence of overweight and obesity between rural and urban areas. Separate analysis by gender, age, education or income level did not reveal additional rural-urban variations. Body mass index was slightly higher when gross domestic product was lower.

CONCLUSIONS: Programs aimed at preventing or managing overweight and obesity in the 50-79 years age range should be addressed to residents of both rural and urban areas, but tailored to their specific characteristics.

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17258803?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalPrev Med
Citation Key / SERVAL ID2476
PubMed ID17258803
Grant ListOGHA 04-064 / / PHS HHS / United States
P01 AG005842 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG08291 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P30 AG12815 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01 AG09740-13S2 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
Y1-AG-4553-01 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States

                         

IUMSP | www.iumsp.ch
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine
Route de la Corniche 10, 1010 Lausanne - Switzerland
+41 21 314 72 72 | dess.info@unisante.ch

Go to top