Healthcare and preventive services utilization of elderly Europeans with depressive symptoms.

TitleHealthcare and preventive services utilization of elderly Europeans with depressive symptoms.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsPeytremann-Bridevaux, I, Voellinger, R, Santos-Eggimann, B
JournalJ Affect Disord
Volume105
Issue1-3
Pagination247-52
Date Published2008 Jan
DOI10.1016/j.jad.2007.04.011
ISSN0165-0327
KeywordsAged, Depression, Europe, Female, Humans, Male, Mental Health Services, Middle Aged, Population Surveillance, Preventive Health Services, Questionnaires
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are associated with increased healthcare utilization. However, it is unclear whether depressed individuals experience more or less frequent access to preventive services. Our goal was to investigate the association between depressive symptoms and both utilization of healthcare and preventive services.

METHODS: Baseline self-reported data (2004) from non-institutionalized individuals aged > or =50 years participating in the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) were used. Of the 18,560 respondents to the baseline questionnaire, 13,580 answered the supplementary questionnaire, which included measures of preventive services. Healthcare utilization during the previous 12 months, including outpatient visits, medication, hospitalization, surgery, and home healthcare were assessed. Preventive service measures assessed the participation in influenza immunization and colorectal and breast cancer screening. Depression status was assessed with the EURO-D, a validated instrument for which a score >3 defines clinically significant depressive symptoms. Logistic regressions were performed adjusting for age, gender, socioeconomic status, behavioral risk, chronic disease, disability, and country of residence.

RESULTS: The estimated prevalence of depressive symptoms was 28.2%. Depressive symptoms were associated with significantly greater use of all healthcare domains but not preventive services, with the exception of colorectal cancer screening. Similar trends were found for each country of residence and for both genders.

LIMITATIONS: It was not known whether medical tests were used for screening or diagnostic purposes.

CONCLUSIONS: SHARE data suggest that patients with depressive symptoms are frequent users of healthcare but not preventive services. Low screening rates may reflect missed screening opportunities rather than a lack of screening opportunities.

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17509695?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalJ Affect Disord
Citation Key / SERVAL ID2510
PubMed ID17509695
Grant ListOGHA 04-064 / / PHS HHS / United States
P01 AG005842 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P01 AG08291 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
P30 AG12815 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
U01AG09740-13S2 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
Y1-AG-4553-01 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States

                         

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