Cumulative risk factors for adolescent alcohol misuse and its perceived consequences among 16 to 20 year old adolescents in Switzerland.

TitleCumulative risk factors for adolescent alcohol misuse and its perceived consequences among 16 to 20 year old adolescents in Switzerland.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsZufferey, A, Michaud, P-A, Jeannin, A, Berchtold, A, Chossis, I, van Melle, G, Surís, J-C
JournalPrev Med
Volume45
Issue2-3
Pagination233-9
Date Published2007 Aug-Sep
DOI10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.04.015
ISSN0091-7435
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Alcohol Drinking, Alcoholism, Attitude to Health, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Risk Factors, Switzerland
Abstract

AIMS: To assess the cumulative impact of environmental and individual factors associated with adolescent alcohol misuse and their correlation with self-reported consequences of drinking.

METHOD: Cross-sectional school-based survey of a nationally representative sample of 7548 post-mandatory school students and apprentices aged 16-20 years, Switzerland 2002. Alcohol misuse defined by frequency of alcohol use, episodes of drunkenness and driving while drunk.

RESULTS: Fifteen significant risk factors were identified among both boys, and girls. An individual score of cumulated risk factors was created by adding the risk factors. The association between the score and the likelihood of being engaged in alcohol misuse was highly significant and dose-dependent (p<.001 a="" significant="" proportion="" of="" adolescents="" report="" perceived="" adverse="" consequences="" their="" alcohol="" consumption.="" linear="" trend="" was="" found="" between="" the="" score="" risk="" factors="" and="" respondents="" reporting="" problems="" related="" to="" drinking="" such="" as="" diminished="" school="" performance="" physical="" hazard="" relational="" current="" risky="" sexual="" behavior.="">

CONCLUSION: Risk factors for adolescent alcohol misuse are cumulative and can be synthesized into an individual score correlated with the likeliness of misuse. A further indication of the validity of this score is its linear relationship with self-reported problems related to drinking.

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17573102?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalPrev Med
Citation Key / SERVAL ID2519
PubMed ID17573102

                         

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