Management and prognosis of status epilepticus according to hospital setting: a prospective study.

TitleManagement and prognosis of status epilepticus according to hospital setting: a prospective study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsRossetti, AO, Novy, J, Ruffieux, C, Olivier, P, Foletti, GB, Hayoz, D, Burnand, B, Logroscino, G
JournalSwiss Med Wkly
Date Published2009 Dec 12
KeywordsAdult, Anticonvulsants, Female, Guideline Adherence, Hospitals, District, Hospitals, Urban, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, Severity of Illness Index, Status Epilepticus, Treatment Outcome

BACKGROUND: The treatment of status epilepticus (SE) is based on relatively little evidence although several guidelines have been published. A recent study reported a worse SE prognosis in a large urban setting as compared to a peripheral hospital, postulating better management in the latter. The aim of this study was to analyse SE episodes occurring in different settings and address possible explanatory variables regarding outcome, including treatment quality.

METHODS: Over six months we prospectively recorded consecutive adults with SE (fit lasting five or more minutes) at the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV) and in six peripheral hospitals (PH) in the same region. Demographical, historical and clinical variables were collected, including SE severity estimation (STESS score) and adherence to Swiss SE treatment guidelines. Outcome at discharge was categorised as "good" (return to baseline), or "poor" (persistent neurological sequelae or death).

RESULTS: Of 54 patients (CHUV: 36; PH 18), 33% had a poor outcome. Whilst age, SE severity, percentage of SE episodes lasting less than 30 minutes and total SE duration were similar, fewer patients had a good outcome at the CHUV (61% vs 83%; OR 3.57; 95% CI 0.8-22.1). Mortality was 14% at the CHUV and 5% at the PH. Most treatments were in agreement with national guidelines, although less often in PH (78% vs 97%, P = 0.04).

CONCLUSION: Although not statistically significant, we observed a slightly worse SE prognosis in a large academic centre as compared to smaller hospitals. Since SE severity was similar in the two settings but adherence to national treatment guidelines was higher in the academic centre, further investigation on the prognostic role of SE treatment and outcome determinants is required.

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Alternate JournalSwiss Med Wkly
Citation Key / SERVAL ID2828
PubMed ID19924584


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