Inventory and perspectives of chronic disease management programs in Switzerland: an exploratory survey.

TitleInventory and perspectives of chronic disease management programs in Switzerland: an exploratory survey.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsPeytremann-Bridevaux, I, Burnand, B
JournalInt J Integr Care
Date Published2009

OBJECTIVE: To describe chronic disease management programs active in Switzerland in 2007, using an exploratory survey.

METHODS: We searched the internet (Swiss official websites and Swiss web-pages, using Google), a medical electronic database (Medline), reference lists of pertinent articles, and contacted key informants. Programs met our operational definition of chronic disease management if their interventions targeted a chronic disease, included a multidisciplinary team (>/=2 healthcare professionals), lasted at least six months, and had already been implemented and were active in December 2007. We developed an extraction grid and collected data pertaining to eight domains (patient population, intervention recipient, intervention content, delivery personnel, method of communication, intensity and complexity, environment, clinical outcomes).

RESULTS: We identified seven programs fulfilling our operational definition of chronic disease management. Programs targeted patients with diabetes, hypertension, heart failure, obesity, psychosis and breast cancer. Interventions were multifaceted; all included education and half considered planned follow-ups. The recipients of the interventions were patients, and healthcare professionals involved were physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists and case managers of various backgrounds.

CONCLUSIONS: In Switzerland, a country with universal healthcare insurance coverage and little incentive to develop new healthcare strategies, chronic disease management programs are scarce. For future developments, appropriate evaluations of existing programs, involvement of all healthcare stakeholders, strong leadership and political will are, at least, desirable.


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Alternate JournalInt J Integr Care
Citation Key / SERVAL ID2835
PubMed ID19956376
PubMed Central IDPMC2787228


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