Inferring ultraviolet anatomical exposure patterns while distinguishing the relative contribution of radiation components

TitleInferring ultraviolet anatomical exposure patterns while distinguishing the relative contribution of radiation components
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsVuilleumier, L, Milon, A, Bulliard, J-L, Moccozet, L, Vernez, D
Conference NameRadiation Processes in the Atmosphere and Ocean (IRS2012) : proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium (IRC/IAMAS), 6-10 August 2012, Dahlem Cube, Free University, Berlin
ISBN Number0094-243X
Accession Numberserval:BIB_49E22FD3734B
KeywordsComputer Simulation, Imaging, Models, Occupational Exposure, Risk Assessment, Skin Neoplasms, Theoretical, Three-Dimensional, Ultraviolet Rays
Abstract

Exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is the main causative factor for skin cancer. UV exposure depends on environmental and individual factors, but individual exposure data remain scarce. While ground UV irradiance is monitored via different techniques, it is difficult to translate such observations into human UV exposure or dose because of confounding factors. A multi-disciplinary collaboration developed a model predicting the dose and distribution of UV exposure on the basis of ground irradiation and morphological data. Standard 3D computer graphics techniques were adapted to develop a simulation tool that estimates solar exposure of a virtual manikin depicted as a triangle mesh surface. The amount of solar energy received by various body locations is computed for direct, diffuse and reflected radiation separately. Dosimetric measurements obtained in field conditions were used to assess the model performance. The model predicted exposure to solar UV adequately with a symmetric mean absolute percentage error of 13% and half of the predictions within 17% range of the measurements.
Using this tool, solar UV exposure patterns were investigated with respect to the relative contribution of the direct, diffuse and reflected radiation. Exposure doses for various body parts and exposure scenarios of a standing individual were assessed using erythemally-weighted UV ground irradiance data measured in 2009 at Payerne, Switzerland as input. For most anatomical sites, mean daily doses were high (typically 6.2-14.6 Standard Erythemal Dose, SED) and exceeded recommended exposure values. Direct exposure was important during specific periods (e. g. midday during summer), but contributed moderately to the annual dose, ranging from 15 to 24% for vertical and horizontal body parts, respectively. Diffuse irradiation explained about 80% of the cumulative annual exposure dose.

Notes

oai:serval.unil.ch:BIB_49E22FD3734B

DOI10.1063/1.4804889
Citation Key / SERVAL ID4683

                         

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