Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE): explanation and elaboration.

TitleStrengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE): explanation and elaboration.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsVandenbroucke, JP, von Elm, E, Altman, DG, Gøtzsche, PC, Mulrow, CD, Pocock, SJ, Poole, C, Schlesselman, JJ, Egger, M
Corporate AuthorsSTROBE Initiative
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery (london, England)
Volume12
Issue12
Pagination1500-1524
Date Published12/2014
DOI10.1016/j.ijsu.2014.07.014
ISSN1743-9159 (Electronic)
Abstract

Much medical research is observational. The reporting of observational studies is often of insufficient quality. Poor reporting hampers the assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of a study and the generalisability of its results. Taking into account empirical evidence and theoretical considerations, a group of methodologists, researchers, and editors developed the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) recommendations to improve the quality of reporting of observational studies. The STROBE Statement consists of a checklist of 22 items, which relate to the title, abstract, introduction, methods, results and discussion sections of articles. Eighteen items are common to cohort studies, case-control studies and cross-sectional studies and four are specific to each of the three study designs. The STROBE Statement provides guidance to authors about how to improve the reporting of observational studies and facilitates critical appraisal and interpretation of studies by reviewers, journal editors and readers. This explanatory and elaboration document is intended to enhance the use, understanding, and dissemination of the STROBE Statement. The meaning and rationale for each checklist item are presented. For each item, one or several published examples and, where possible, references to relevant empirical studies and methodological literature are provided. Examples of useful flow diagrams are also included. The STROBE Statement, this document, and the associated Web site (http://www.strobe-statement.org/) should be helpful resources to improve reporting of observational research.

Notes

Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, pdf : guideline

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25046751?dopt=Abstract

First publication date (online)

07/2014

WOS ID (UT)

000346646600049

Alternate JournalInt J Surg
Citation Key / SERVAL ID5579
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID25046751
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