Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in the general population: the HypnoLaus study.

TitlePrevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in the general population: the HypnoLaus study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsHeinzer, R, Vat, S, Marques-Vidal, P, Marti-Soler, H, Andries, D, Tobback, N, Mooser, V, Preisig, M, Malhotra, A, Waeber, G, Vollenweider, P, Tafti, M, Haba-Rubio, J
JournalLancet. Respiratory Medicine
Date Published04/2015
ISSN2213-2619 (Electronic)
KeywordsAdult, Age Distribution, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alcohol Drinking, Body Mass Index, Depression, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Humans, Hypertension, Logistic Models, Male, Metabolic Syndrome X, Middle Aged, Odds Ratio, Overweight, Polysomnography, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Sleep Apnea Syndromes, Sleep Apnea, Central, Sleep Apnea, Obstructive, Smoking, Switzerland

BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with major morbidity and mortality. However, its prevalence has mainly been selectively studied in populations at risk for sleep-disordered breathing or cardiovascular diseases. Taking into account improvements in recording techniques and new criteria used to define respiratory events, we aimed to assess the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing and associated clinical features in a large population-based sample.

METHODS: Between Sept 1, 2009, and June 30, 2013, we did a population-based study (HypnoLaus) in Lausanne, Switzerland. We invited a cohort of 3043 consecutive participants of the CoLaus/PsyCoLaus study to take part. Polysomnography data from 2121 people were included in the final analysis. 1024 (48%) participants were men, with a median age of 57 years (IQR 49-68, range 40-85) and mean body-mass index (BMI) of 25·6 kg/m(2) (SD 4·1). Participants underwent complete polysomnographic recordings at home and had extensive phenotyping for diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and depression. The primary outcome was prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing, assessed by the apnoea-hypopnoea index.

FINDINGS: The median apnoea-hypopnoea index was 6·9 events per h (IQR 2·7-14·1) in women and 14·9 per h (7·2-27·1) in men. The prevalence of moderate-to-severe sleep-disordered breathing (≥15 events per h) was 23·4% (95% CI 20·9-26·0) in women and 49·7% (46·6-52·8) in men. After multivariable adjustment, the upper quartile for the apnoea-hypopnoea index (>20·6 events per h) was associated independently with the presence of hypertension (odds ratio 1·60, 95% CI 1·14-2·26; p=0·0292 for trend across severity quartiles), diabetes (2·00, 1·05-3·99; p=0·0467), metabolic syndrome (2·80, 1·86-4·29; p<0·0001), and depression (1·92, 1·01-3·64; p=0·0292).

INTERPRETATION: The high prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing recorded in our population-based sample might be attributable to the increased sensitivity of current recording techniques and scoring criteria. These results suggest that sleep-disordered breathing is highly prevalent, with important public health outcomes, and that the definition of the disorder should be revised.

FUNDING: Faculty of Biology and Medicine of Lausanne, Lausanne University Hospital, Swiss National Science Foundation, Leenaards Foundation, GlaxoSmithKline, Ligue Pulmonaire Vaudoise.


Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish

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Alternate JournalLancet Respir Med
Citation Key / SERVAL ID5781
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID25682233
PubMed Central IDPMC4404207
Grant ListK24 HL093218 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
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