Complex syntax in autism spectrum disorders: a study of relative clauses.

TitleComplex syntax in autism spectrum disorders: a study of relative clauses.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsDurrleman, S, Hippolyte, L, Zufferey, S, Iglesias, K, Hadjikhani, N
JournalInternational Journal of Language and Communication Disorders / Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists
Volume50
Issue2
Pagination260-267
Date Published2015 Mar-Apr
DOI10.1111/1460-6984.12130
ISSN1368-2822
ISBN Number1460-6984 (Electronic)
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The few studies that have evaluated syntax in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded conflicting findings: some suggest that once matched on mental age, ASD and typically developing controls do not differ for grammar, while others report that morphosyntactic deficits are independent of cognitive skills in ASD. There is a need for a better understanding of syntax in ASD and its relation to, or dissociation from, nonverbal abilities.

AIMS: Syntax in ASD was assessed by evaluating subject and object relative clause comprehension in adolescents and adults diagnosed with ASD with a performance IQ within the normal range, and with or without a history of language delay.

METHODS & PROCEDURES: Twenty-eight participants with ASD (mean age 21.8) and 28 age-matched controls (mean age 22.07) were required to point to a character designated by relative clauses that varied in syntactic complexity.

OUTCOMES & RESULTS: Scores indicate that participants with ASD regardless of the language development history perform significantly worse than age-matched controls with object relative clauses. In addition, participants with ASD with a history of language delay (diagnosed with high-functioning autism in the DSM-IV-TR) perform worse on subject relatives than ASD participants without language delay (diagnosed with Asperger syndrome in the DSM-IV-TR), suggesting that these two groups do not have equivalent linguistic abilities. Performance IQ has a positive impact on the success of the task for the population with ASD.

CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study reveals subtle grammatical difficulties remaining in adult individuals with ASD within normal IQ range as compared with age-matched peers. Even in the absence of a history of language delay in childhood, the results suggest that a slight deficit may nevertheless be present and go undetected by standardized language assessments. Both groups with and without language delay have a similar global performance on relative clause comprehension; however, the study also indicates that the participants with reported language delay show more difficulty with subject relatives than the participants without language delay, suggesting the presence of differences in linguistic abilities between these subgroups of ASD.

Notes

Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25244532?dopt=Abstract

First publication date (online)

09/2014

WOS ID (UT)

000350982600011

Alternate JournalInt J Lang Commun Disord
Citation Key / SERVAL IDserval:BIB_BC90CE950953
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID25244532
Thème IUMSP et mots clés: 

                         

IUMSP | www.iumsp.ch
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine
Route de la Corniche 10, 1010 Lausanne - Switzerland
+41 21 314 72 72 | dess.info@unisante.ch

Go to top