Quality of Life in Swiss Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients: Do Patients and Their Parents Experience Disease in the Same Way?

TitleQuality of Life in Swiss Paediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients: Do Patients and Their Parents Experience Disease in the Same Way?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMueller, R, Ziade, F, Pittet, V, Fournier, N, Ezri, J, Schoepfer, A, Schibli, S, Spalinger, J, Braegger, C, Nydegger, A
Corporate AuthorsStudy, SIBDCohort
JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
Volume10
Issue3
Pagination269-276
Date Published2016 Mar
DOI10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjv199
ISSN1876-4479
ISBN Number1876-4479 (Electronic)
Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) may impair quality of life (QoL) in paediatric patients. We aimed to evaluate in a nationwide cohort whether patients experience QoL in a different way when compared with their parents.

METHODS: Sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics were prospectively acquired from paediatric patients and their parents included in the Swiss IBD Cohort Study. Disease activity was evaluated by the Paediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index (PCDAI) and the Paediatric Ulcerative Colitis Activity Index (PUCAI). We assessed QoL using the KIDSCREEN questionnaire. The QoL domains were analysed and compared between children and parents according to type of disease, parents' age, origin, education and marital status.

RESULTS: We included 110 children and parents (59 Crohn's disease [CD], 45 ulcerative colitis [UC], 6 IBD unclassified [IBDU]). There was no significant difference in QoL between CD and UC/IBDU, whether the disease was active or in remission. Parents perceived overall QoL, as well as 'mood', 'family' and 'friends' domains, lower than the children themselves, independently of their place of birth and education. However, better concordance was found on 'school performance' and 'physical activity' domains. Marital status and age of parents significantly influenced the evaluation of QoL. Mothers and fathers being married or cohabiting perceived significantly lower mood, family and friends domains than their children, whereas mothers living alone had a lower perception of the friends domain; fathers living alone had a lower perception of family and mood subscores.

CONCLUSION: Parents of Swiss paediatric IBD patients significantly underestimate overall QoL and domains of QoL of their children independently of origin and education.

Notes

Publication Status: aheadofprint

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26519462?dopt=Abstract

WOS ID (UT)

000371817600005

Alternate JournalJ Crohns Colitis
Citation Key / SERVAL ID6422
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID26519462
                         

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