Educational differences in dietary intake and compliance with dietary recommendations in a Swiss adult population.

TitleEducational differences in dietary intake and compliance with dietary recommendations in a Swiss adult population.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMayén, A-L, Guessous, I, Paccaud, F, Stringhini, S, Marques-Vidal, P
JournalInternational journal of public health
Volume61
Issue9
Pagination1059-1067
Date Published05/2016
DOI10.1007/s00038-016-0835-7
ISSN1661-8564
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the impact of education on diet and compliance with the national recommendations.

METHODS: The study included 4338 adult participants of the Colaus study, a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted between 2009 and 2012 in Lausanne (Switzerland). Education was categorized as primary, apprenticeship, secondary, and tertiary.

RESULTS: Men with primary vs. tertiary education had a lower intake of monounsaturated fatty acids (29.4 vs. 30.9 g/day), iron (11.4 vs. 11.8 mg/day), vitamin A (758.2 vs. 904.2 retinol equivalents/day), and vitamin D (2.3 vs. 3.0 μg/day). Women with primary vs. tertiary education had a lower intake of monounsaturated fatty acids (25.5 vs. 27.4 g/day), fiber (15.6 vs. 17.2 g/day) and iron (9.8 vs. 10.3 mg/day). Men with primary vs. tertiary education had a better compliance with protein recommendations [odds ratio (95 % CI): 2.31 (1.37; 3.90)], while women with primary vs. tertiary education had a better compliance with vitamin A recommendations [odds ratio 1.74 (1.15; 2.65)].

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our results do not confirm a unidirectional association between education and diet, and question the approach of targeted interventions alone in selected educational groups to prevent chronic diseases.

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27216627?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalInt J Public Health
Citation Key / SERVAL ID6986
PubMed ID27216627

                         

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