Myeloid differentiation primary response gene (MyD) 88 signalling is not essential for intestinal fibrosis development.

TitleMyeloid differentiation primary response gene (MyD) 88 signalling is not essential for intestinal fibrosis development.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsLutz, C, Weder, B, Hünerwadel, A, Fagagnini, S, Lang, B, Beerenwinkel, N, Rossel, J-B, Rogler, G, Misselwitz, B, Hausmann, M
JournalScientific reports
Date Published12/2017

Dysregulation of the immune response to microbiota is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which can trigger intestinal fibrosis. MyD88 is a key component of microbiota signalling but its influence on intestinal fibrosis has not been clarified. Small bowel resections from donor-mice were transplanted subcutaneously into the neck of recipients C57BL/6 B6-MyD88tm1 Aki (MyD88-/-) and C57BL/6-Tg(UBC-green fluorescence protein (GFP))30Scha/J (GFP-Tg). Grafts were explanted up to 21 days after transplantation. Collagen layer thickness was determined using Sirius Red stained slides. In the mouse model of fibrosis collagen deposition and transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) expression was equal in MyD88+/+ and MyD88-/-, indicating that MyD88 was not essential for fibrogenesis. Matrix metalloproteinase (Mmp)9 expression was significantly decreased in grafts transplanted into MyD88-/- recipients compared to MyD88+/+ recipients (0.2 ± 0.1 vs. 153.0 ± 23.1, respectively, p < 0.05), similarly recruitment of neutrophils was significantly reduced (16.3 ± 4.5 vs. 25.4 ± 3.1, respectively, p < 0.05). Development of intestinal fibrosis appears to be independent of MyD88 signalling indicating a minor role of bacterial wall compounds in the process which is in contrast to published concepts and theories. Development of fibrosis appears to be uncoupled from acute inflammation.

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Alternate JournalSci Rep
Citation Key / SERVAL ID8481
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID29247242
PubMed Central IDPMC5732165


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