Parent perceived quality of life is age-dependent in children with food allergy.

TitreParent perceived quality of life is age-dependent in children with food allergy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsWassenberg, J, Cochard, M-M, Dunngalvin, A, Ballabeni, P, de Blok, BMJFlokst, Newman, CJ, Hofer, M, Eigenmann, PA
JournalPediatr Allergy Immunol
Volume23
Issue5
Pagination412-9
Date Published2012 Aug
DOI10.1111/j.1399-3038.2012.01310.x
ISSN1399-3038
Mots-clésAge Factors, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Food Hypersensitivity, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Male, Parents, Perception, Quality of Life, Questionnaires, Switzerland
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Food allergy in children significantly affects their quality of life. Its impact can be analyzed by quality of life questionnaires.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to validate the French version of disease-specific questionnaires and to evaluate the quality of life in children with IgE-mediated food allergy.

METHODS: Two validated food allergy-specific questionnaires for quality of life, the parent's and children's forms (FAQLQ-PF and FAQLQ-CF), were translated from English to French and submitted to children with food allergy and their parents. Questionnaires were analyzed in terms of emotional impact, food anxiety, and social and food limitations. NCT 01480427.

RESULTS: Sixty-two parents of children aged 0-12 yrs answered the FAQLQ-PF, and 32 children aged 8-12 yrs the FAQLQ-CF. Construct validity of both questionnaires was assessed by correlation between the FAQLQs and FAIM (r = 0.85 and 0.84, respectively). Both FAQLQs had good internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.748 and 0.67, respectively). Young children (0-3 yrs old) showed better quality of life scores than older children (FAQLQ-PF global score: p = 0.02). Worse scores were also shown among children with previous severe systemic reactions (FAQLQ-PF global score: p = 0.039), the ones with an allergic mother (FAQLQ-PF global score: p = 0.002), or allergic siblings (FAQLQ-PF emotional impact score: p = 0.034), the ones with multiple food allergy (more than 1 food) (FAQLQ-PF anxiety score: p = 0.04) and among the girls (FAQLQ-CF global score: p = 0.031).

CONCLUSION: Older children, the ones with severe systemic reactions, or with mothers or siblings also affected by allergies, as well as girls, and children with multiple food allergies show worse quality of life scores.

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22554401?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalPediatr Allergy Immunol
Citation Key / SERVAL ID3238
PubMed ID22554401

                         

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