1999-2009 Trends in prevalence, unawareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Geneva, Switzerland.

Titre1999-2009 Trends in prevalence, unawareness, treatment and control of hypertension in Geneva, Switzerland.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsGuessous, I, Bochud, M, Theler, J-M, Gaspoz, J-M, Pechère-Bertschi, A
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue6
Paginatione39877
Date Published2012
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0039877
ISSN1932-6203
Mots-clésAdult, Aged, Awareness, Humans, Hypertension, Income, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Switzerland
Abstract

BACKGROUND: There are no time trends in prevalence, unawareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Switzerland. The objective of this study was to analyze these trends and to determine the associated factors.

METHODS/FINDINGS: Population-based study conducted in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, between 1999 and 2009. Blood pressure was measured thrice using a standard protocol. Hypertension was defined as mean systolic or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg or self-reported hypertension or anti-hypertensive medication. Unawareness, untreated and uncontrolled hypertension was determined by questionnaires/blood pressure measurements. Yearly age-standardized prevalences and adjusted associations for the 1999-2003 and 2004-2009 survey periods were reported. The 10-year survey included 9,215 participants aged 35 to 74 years. Hypertension remained stable (34.4%). Hypertension unawareness decreased from 35.9% to 17.7% (P

CONCLUSIONS: Hypertension prevalence remained stable since 1999 in the canton of Geneva. Although hypertension unawareness substantially decreased, more than half of hypertensive subjects still remained untreated or uncontrolled in 2004-2009. This study identified determinants that should guide interventions aimed at improving hypertension treatment and control.

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22761919?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
Citation Key / SERVAL ID3274
PubMed ID22761919
PubMed Central IDPMC3384604

                         

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