Case management for frequent users of the emergency department: study protocol of a randomised controlled trial.

TitreCase management for frequent users of the emergency department: study protocol of a randomised controlled trial.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBodenmann, P, Velonaki, V-S, Ruggeri, O, Hugli, O, Burnand, B, Wasserfallen, J-B, Moschetti, K, Iglesias, K, Baggio, S, Daeppen, J-B
JournalBMC Health Serv Res
Volume14
Pagination264
Date Published2014
DOI10.1186/1472-6963-14-264
ISSN1472-6963
ISBN Number1472-6963 (Electronic)
Mots-clésCase Management, Emergency Service, Hospital, Health Services Misuse, Humans, Quality of Life, Questionnaires, Research Design, Switzerland
Abstract

BACKGROUND: We devised a randomised controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of an intervention based on case management care for frequent emergency department users. The aim of the intervention is to reduce such patients' emergency department use, to improve their quality of life, and to reduce costs consequent on frequent use. The intervention consists of a combination of comprehensive case management care and standard emergency care. It uses a clinical case management model that is patient-identified, patient-directed, and developed to provide high intensity services. It provides a continuum of hospital- and community-based patient services, which include clinical assessment, outreach referral, and coordination and communication with other service providers.

METHODS/DESIGN: We aim to recruit, during the first year of the study, 250 patients who visit the emergency department of the University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland. Eligible patients will have visited the emergency department 5 or more times during the previous 12 months. Randomisation of the participants to the intervention or control groups will be computer generated and concealed. The statistician and each patient will be blinded to the patient's allocation. Participants in the intervention group (N = 125), additionally to standard emergency care, will receive case management from a team, 1 (ambulatory care) to 3 (hospitalization) times during their stay and after 1, 3, and 5 months, at their residence, in the hospital or in the ambulatory care setting. In between the consultations provided, the patients will have the opportunity to contact, at any moment, the case management team. Participants in the control group (N = 125) will receive standard emergency care only. Data will be collected at baseline and 2, 5.5, 9, and 12 months later, including: number of emergency department visits, quality of life (EuroQOL and WHOQOL), health services use, and relevant costs. Data on feelings of discrimination and patient's satisfaction will also be collected at the baseline and 12 months later.

DISCUSSION: Our study will help to clarify knowledge gaps regarding the positive outcomes (emergency department visits, quality of life, efficiency, and cost-utility) of an intervention based on case management care.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01934322.

Notes

Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: epublish. pdf type: STUDY PROTOCOL

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24938769?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalBMC Health Serv Res
Citation Key / SERVAL ID3579
PubMed ID24938769
PubMed Central IDPMC4071797
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