Occupational exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation of outdoor workers in France

TitreOccupational exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation of outdoor workers in France
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBoniol, M, Koechlin, A, Boniol, M, Doré, J-F, Chignol, M-C, Bulliard, J-L, Milon, A, Vernez, D
Conference Name8th World Congress of Melanoma, 9th Congress of the European Association of Dermatology (EADO), 7th Interdisciplinary Melanoma/Skin Cancer Meeting, 3rd European Post-Chicago Melanoma Meeting 2013, 17-20 July 2013, Hamburg, Germany
ISBN Number1610-0379
Accession Numberserval:BIB_C75095CB0443
Mots-clésFrance, Occupational Exposure, Ultraviolet Rays
Abstract

Question: Outdoor occupational exposure could be associated with important cumulative and intense exposure to ultraviolet (UV) solar radiation. Such exposure would increase risk of skin cancer. However, little information exists on jobs associated with intense UV exposure. The objective of this study was to characterise occupational
UV exposure in a representative sample in France.
Methods: A population-based survey was conducted in May-June 2012 through computer-assisted telephonic interviews in population 25 to 69 years of age. Individual UV irradiation was computed with declared time and place of residence matched to UV records from satellite measurement (Eurosun project). We analysed factors influencing exposure to UV (annual average and seasonal peak).
Results: A total of 1442 individuals declared having an occupational exposure to UV which represents 18% of population aged 25 to 69 years. Outdoor workers were more frequently men (58%), aged 40-54 (43%), with a phototype III or IV (69%). Occupations associated with highest UV exposure were: construction workers (annual
daily average 62.8 Joules/m2), gardeners (62.6), farmers (52.8), culture/art/social sciences workers (52.0) and transport workers/mail carriers (49.5). The maximum of UVA exposure was found for occupation with a strong seasonality of exposure: culture, art or social sciences works (98.1 Joules/m2), construction works (97.2), gardening (96.7) and farming (95.0). Significant factors associated with high occupational UV exposure were gender (men vs. women: 53.6 vs. 42.6), phototype (IV vs. I: 51.9 vs. 45.5) and taking lunch outdoors (always vs. never: 59.8 vs. 48.6).
Conclusion: Our study showed that some occupations were associated with particularly intense UV exposure such as farmers, gardeners, construction workers. Other unexpected occupations were also associated with high UV exposure such as transport workers, mail carriers and culture/art/social sciences workers.

Notes

oai:serval.unil.ch:BIB_C75095CB0443

DOI10.1111/ddg.12160
Citation Key / SERVAL ID5014

                         

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