The occurrence of intra-operative hypotension varies between hospitals: observational analysis of over 147000 anaesthesia

TitreThe occurrence of intra-operative hypotension varies between hospitals: observational analysis of over 147000 anaesthesia
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsTaffé, P, Sicard, N, Pittet, V, Pichard, S, Burnand, B, Study, GADS
Conference NameAnnual meeting of the Swiss Society of Anaesthesiology and Resuscitation, Interlaken (Switzerland), October 29-31, 2009
Conference LocationInterlaken, Switzerland, October 29-31, 2009
ISBN Number1424-7860
Accession Numberserval:BIB_2CAA25CF4A34

Background: Hypotension, a common intra-operative incident, bears an important potential for morbidity. It is most often manageable and sometimes preventable, which renders its study important. Therefore, we aimed at examining hospital variations in the occurrence of intraoperative hypotension and its predictors. As secondary endpoints, we determined to what extent hypotension relates to the risk of postoperative incidents and death.
Methods: We used the Anaesthesia Databank Switzerland, built on routinely and prospectively collected data on all anaesthesias in 21 hospitals. The three outcomes were assessed using multi-level logistic regression models.
Results: Among 147573 anaesthesia, hypotension ranged from 0.6 to 5.2% in participating hospitals, and from 0.3 up to 12% in different surgical specialties. Most (73.4%) were minor single events. Age, ASA status, combined general and regional anaesthesia techniques, duration of surgery, and hospitalization were significantly associated to hypotension. Although significantly associated, the emergency status of the surgery had a weaker effect. Hospitals' Odds Ratios for hypotension varied between 0.12 to 2.50 (p ≤0.001) with respect to the mean prevalence of 3.1%, even after adjusting for patient and anaesthesia factors, and for type of surgery. At least one postoperative incident occurred in 9.7% of the interventions, including 0.03% deaths. Intra-operative hypotension was associated with higher risk of post-operative incidents and death.
Conclusions: Wide variations in the occurrence of hypotension amongst hospitals remain after adjustment for risk factors. Although differential reporting from hospitals may exist, variations in anesthesia techniques and blood pressure maintenance could have also contributed. Intra-operative hypotension is associated with morbidities and sometimes death, and constant vigilance must thus be advocated.


Citation Key / SERVAL ID5016


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