Potential health-care service utilization substitution effects induced by case management for emergency department frequent users

TitrePotential health-care service utilization substitution effects induced by case management for emergency department frequent users
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsMoschetti, K, Iglesias, K, Baggio, S, Velonaki, V-S, Ruggeri, O, Hugli, O, Burnand, B, Daeppen, J-B, Wasserfallen, J-B, Bodenmann, P
Conference NameJournal of General Internal Medicine
Publisher38th Annual Meeting of the Society of General Internal Medicine, April 22-25, 2015 in Toronto, Canada
ISBN Number0884-8734 (Print) 1525-1497 (Online)

BACKGROUND: In most of the emergency departments (ED) in developed countries, a subset of patients visits the ED frequently. Despite their small numbers, these patients are the source of a disproportionally high number of all ED visits, and use a significant proportion of healthcare resources. They place a heavy economic burden on hospital and healthcare systems budgets overall. Several interventions have been carried out to improve the management of these ED frequent users. Case management has been shown in some North American studies to reduce ED utilization and costs. In these studies, cost analyses have been carried out from the hospital perspective without examining the costs induced by healthcare consumed in the community. However, case management might reduce ED visits and costs from the hospital's perspective, but induce substitution effects, and increase health service utilization outside the hospital. This study examined if an interdisciplinary case-management intervention-compared to standard ED care -reduced costs generated by frequent ED users not only from the hospital perspective, but also from thehealthcare system perspective-that is, from a broader perspective taking into account the costs of healthcare services used outside the hospital.

METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 250 adult frequent emergency department users (5 or more visits during the previous 12 months) who visited the ED of the University Hospital of Lausanne, Switzerland, between May 2012 and July 2013 were allocated to one of two groups: case management intervention (CM) or standard ED care (SC), and followed up for 12 months. Depending on the perspective of the analysis, costs were evaluated differently. For the analysis from the hospital's perspective, the true value of resources used to provide services was used as a cost estimate. These data were obtained from the hospital's analytical accounting system. For the analysis from the health-care system perspective, all health-care services consumed by users and charged were used as an estimate of costs. These data were obtained from health insurance providers for a subsample of participants. To allow comparisons in a same time period, individual monthly average costs were calculated. Multivariate linear models including a fixed effect "group" were run using socio-demographic characteristics and health-related variables ascontrolling variables (age, gender, educational level, citizenship, marital status, somatic and mental health problems, and risk behaviors).

Citation Key / SERVAL ID6065
Peer reviewRefereed
Thème IUMSP et mots clés: 


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