Frequency and effects of meeting health-behavior guidelines among adolescents

TitreFrequency and effects of meeting health-behavior guidelines among adolescents
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMejia, D
Number of Pages7
UniversityUniversité de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
CityLausanne
Thesis TypeMD
Accession NumberSERVAL:BIB_64E396FAA59A
Call NumberIUMSP W4-WS-462-Mej-2012 | IUMSP SB-4366
Other NumbersRERO:R007512961
Abstract

Objective: To assess the relationship between overweight status and the concomitant adherence to physical activity, daily screen time, and nutritional guidelines.Methods: Data were derived from the Swiss HBSC survey 2006. Participants (n=8130, 48.7% girls) were divided into two groups: normal-weight (n=7215, 44.8% girls), and overweight (n=915, 34.8% girls), using self-reported height and weight. Groups were compared on adherence to physical activity, screen time and nutritional guidelines. Bivariate analyses were carried out followed by multivariate analyses using normal-weight individuals as the reference category.Results: Regardless of gender, overweight individuals reported more screen time, less physical activity, and less concomitant adherence to guidelines. For boys, the multivariate analysis showed that any amount exceeding screen time recommendations was associated with increased odds of being overweight (>2-4h: adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=l .40; >4-6h: AOR=l .48; >6h: AOR=l .83). A similar relation was found for any amount below physical activity recommendations (4-6 times a week: AOR=1.67; 2-3 times a week: AOR=1.87; once a week or less: AOR=2.1). For girls, not meeting nutritional guidelines was less likely among overweight individuals (0-2 recommendations: AOR=0.54). Regardless of weight status, more than half of adolescents did not comply with any guideline and less than 2% met all 3 at the same time.Conclusions: Meeting current nutritional, physical activity and screen time guidelines should be encouraged with respect to overweight. However, as extremely low rates of concomitant adherence were found regardless of weight status, their achievability is questionable (especially for nutrition) which warrants further research to better adapt them to adolescents.

Notes

In: European journal of public health. - Oxford. - Vol. 23(2013), no 1, p. 8-13

Ont également collaboré: André Berchtold, Richard E. Bélanger, Emmanuel N. Kuntsche et Pierre-André Michaud

Directeurs de thèse : Docteur Joan-Carles Suris ; avec la co-dir. du professeur Fred Paccaud

URLhttp://my.unil.ch/serval/document/BIB_64E396FAA59A.pdf
Alternate URL

http://serval.unil.ch/?id=serval:BIB_64E396FAA59A

Citation Key / SERVAL ID6167
Type de publication IUMSP: 
Directeur de Thèse ou tuteur de travail de Master IUMSP: 
                         

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