Socioeconomic Differences in Dietary Patterns in an East African Country: Evidence from the Republic of Seychelles.

TitreSocioeconomic Differences in Dietary Patterns in an East African Country: Evidence from the Republic of Seychelles.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsMayén, A-L, Bovet, P, Marti-Soler, H, Viswanathan, B, Gedeon, J, Paccaud, F, Marques-Vidal, P, Stringhini, S
JournalPLoS One
Date Published2016
Mots-clésAdult, Africa, Beverages/statistics & numerical data, Diet Surveys/statistics & numerical data, Diet/statistics & numerical data, Eastern/epidemiology, Feeding Behavior/ethnology, Female, Fruit, Humans, Income, Male, Middle Aged, Seychelles/epidemiology, Social Class, Socioeconomic Factors, Vegetables

BACKGROUND: In high income countries, low socioeconomic status (SES) is related to unhealthier dietary patterns, while evidence on the social patterning of diet in low and middle income countries is scarce.

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we assess dietary patterns in the general population of a middle income country in the African region, the Republic of Seychelles, and examine their distribution according to educational level and income.

METHODS: Data was drawn from two independent national surveys conducted in the Seychelles among adults aged 25-64 years in 2004 (n = 1236) and 2013 (n = 1240). Dietary patterns were assessed by principal component analysis (PCA). Educational level and income were used as SES indicators. Data from both surveys were combined as no interaction was found between SES and year.

RESULTS: Three dietary patterns were identified: "snacks and drinks", "fruit and vegetables" and "fish and rice". No significant associations were found between SES and the "snacks and drinks" pattern. Low vs. high SES individuals had lower adherence to the "fruit and vegetables" pattern [prevalence ratio (95% CI) 0.71 (0.60-0.83)] but a higher adherence to the traditional "fish and rice" pattern [1.58 (1.32-1.88)]. Income modified the association between education and the "fish and rice" pattern (p = 0.02), whereby low income individuals had a higher adherence to this pattern in both educational groups.

CONCLUSION: Low SES individuals have a lower consumption of fruit and vegetables, but a higher consumption of traditional foods like fish and rice. The Seychelles may be at a degenerative diseases stage of the nutrition transition.

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Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
Citation Key / SERVAL ID7038
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID27214139
PubMed Central IDPMC4877066


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