Patient self-reported concerns in inflammatory bowel diseases: A gender-specific subjective quality-of-life indicator

TitrePatient self-reported concerns in inflammatory bowel diseases: A gender-specific subjective quality-of-life indicator
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsPittet, V, Vaucher, C, Froehlich, F, Burnand, B, Michetti, P, Maillard, MH
Corporate AuthorsGroup, SIBDCohort
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue2
Paginatione0171864
Date Published02/2017
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0171864
ISSN1932-6203
Mots-clésAdult, Aged, Employment, Female, Humans, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/diagnosis, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/epidemiology, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/psychology, Male, Middle Aged, Quality of Life, Self Report/standards, Sex Factors, Social Behavior
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patient-reported disease perceptions are important components to be considered within a holistic model of quality of care. Gender may have an influence on these perceptions. We aimed to explore gender-specific concerns of patients included in a national bilingual inflammatory bowel disease cohort.

METHODS: Following a qualitative study, we built a questionnaire comprising 37 items of concern. Answers were collected on a visual analog scale ranging from 0 to 100. Principal axis factor analysis was used to explore concern domains. Linear multiple regressions were conducted to assess associations with patient characteristics.

RESULTS: Of 1102 patients who replied to the survey, 54% were female and 54% had Crohn's disease. We identified six domains of concern: socialization and stigmatization, disease-related constraints and uncertainty, symptoms and their impact on body and mind, loss of body control (including sexuality), disease transmission, and long-term impact of the disease. Cancer concerns were among the highest scored by all patients (median 61.8). Severity of symptoms was the only factor associated with concerns, unrelated to dimension and gender (p<0.015). In women, being >40 years decreased disease-related constraints and uncertainty concerns, and being at home or unemployed increased them. Treatments were associated with increased socialization and stigmatization and with increased disease-related constraints and uncertainty concerns in men. Overall, psychosomatic characteristics were highly associated with concerns for both men and women. Depending on the concern dimensions, increased levels of concern were associated with the highest signs of anxiety in women or depression in men, as well as lower health-related quality of life in men.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients have numerous concerns related to their illness that need to be reassessed regularly. Concerns differ between men and women, suggesting that information and communication about the disease should take gender differences and subjective perceptions of quality of life into consideration.

Alternate URL

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5302448/pdf/pone.0171864.pdf

WOS ID (UT)

000394244300054

Alternate JournalPLoS ONE
Citation Key / SERVAL IDBIB_B33471643EB1
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID28187201

                         

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