Awareness and practices regarding eye diseases among patients with diabetes: a cross sectional analysis of the CoDiab-VD cohort.

TitreAwareness and practices regarding eye diseases among patients with diabetes: a cross sectional analysis of the CoDiab-VD cohort.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKonstantinidis, L, Carron, T, de Ancos, E, Chinet, L, Hagon-Traub, I, Zuercher, E, Peytremann-Bridevaux, I
JournalBMC endocrine disorders
Date Published09/2017
Mots-clésAged, Attitudes, Awareness, Cohort Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diabetes, Diabetes Complications/epidemiology, Diabetic retinopathy, Diabetic Retinopathy/epidemiology, Eye Diseases/complications, Eye Diseases/epidemiology, Female, Health Knowledge, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Ocular complications, Practice, Practices, Prevalence, Switzerland/epidemiology

BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of diabetes is leading to a rise of eye diseases, augmenting the risk of sight-threatening complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate prevalence, awareness and practices regarding eye diseases among patients with diabetes in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland.

METHODS: A cohort of 323 patients with diabetes completed a self-administered questionnaire assessing prevalence, awareness and practices regarding eye diseases, besides health status and quality of care measures. Descriptive analyses followed by exploratory subgroup analyses and linear regressions were performed to investigate factors associated with awareness and practices.

RESULTS: While diabetic retinopathy was reported by 40.9% of patients with type 1 diabetes and 9.8% of patients with type 2 diabetes, 35.8% and 12.6% of all participants reported cataract and glaucoma, respectively. Awareness that diabetes could damage the eyes was reported by almost all participants; the majority was also aware of the importance of glycemic control and regular eye examination in preventing eye diseases. In contrast, only 70.5% of participants underwent an eye examination by an ophthalmologist during the past year. Eye examination was associated with better patients' awareness. Barriers mentioned by patients revealed a lack of knowledge about screening guidelines, in particular regarding the preventive nature of eye examinations.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite high levels of awareness regarding diabetic eye diseases, a significant proportion of patients with diabetes did not report annual eye examination. Both healthcare strategic efforts targeting the promotion of regular eye examination and initiatives aiming at improving knowledge of screening guidelines should be encouraged.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: on 9th July 2013, identifier NCT01902043 (retrospectively registered).

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Short TitleBMC Endocr Disord
Alternate JournalBMC Endocr Disord
Citation Key / SERVAL ID8197
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID28882117
PubMed Central IDPMC5590154


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