Major Differences in Diet across Three Linguistic Regions of Switzerland: Results from the First National Nutrition Survey menuCH.

TitreMajor Differences in Diet across Three Linguistic Regions of Switzerland: Results from the First National Nutrition Survey menuCH.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsChatelan, A, Beer-Borst, S, Randriamiharisoa, A, Pasquier, J, Blanco, J-M, Siegenthaler, S, Paccaud, F, Slimani, N, Nicolas, G, Camenzind-Frey, E, Zuberbühler, C, Bochud, M
Paginationpii: E1163
Date Published10/2017
Mots-clés24-h dietary recall, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Body Mass Index, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diet Records, Diet/ethnology, Female, food consumption, food-based dietary guidelines, GloboDiet®/EPIC-Soft®, Humans, Language, Male, Middle Aged, national nutrition survey, Nutrition Assessment, Nutrition Policy, Nutrition Surveys, Socioeconomic Factors, Swiss adults, Switzerland, Young Adult

Switzerland is a multilingual country located between Germany, France and Italy, which differ by dietary habits and related outcomes. We explored differences in food consumption as well as compliance to the Swiss food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) across the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions. The 2014-2015 nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted among a stratified random sample of 2057 adults aged 18 to 75 years. Trained dietitians assessed food consumption via two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls using the international validated software GloboDiet(®). Recorded foods and beverages were classified into six groups and 31 subgroups relevant for assessing compliance to the FBDG (Swiss Food Pyramid). Usual daily intake distributions were modelled and weighted for sampling design, non-response, weekdays and season. Participation rate was 38%. Significant differences across regions were observed in 18 of 31 food subgroups (p ≤ 0.01). Weighted mean daily intakes in the German-, French- and Italian-speaking regions were, respectively, 245 g, 155 g, 140 g for soft drinks, 273 g, 214 g, 135 g for coffee, 127 g, 72 g, 109 g for milk, 32 g, 45 g, 43 g for red meat, 18 g, 29 g, 34 g for fish/seafood, 8.1 g, 6.4 g, 3.7 g for butter, and 206 g, 214 g, 168 g for vegetables. The seven FBDGs were followed by <1% of the population. Four in 10 participants met ≥3 FBDG. Eighteen percent of participants ate ≥5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day, without regional differences. Food consumption substantially differed across the three linguistic regions of Switzerland. Adherence to FBDG was uniformly low. This highlights the potential influence of culture on diet. Nutritional education along with public health interventions are needed and may be most efficient if regionally targeted.


Publication Status: epublish

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Alternate JournalNutrients
Citation Key / SERVAL ID8322
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID29068399
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