Socioeconomic Status and Cardiovascular Disease: an Update.

TitreSocioeconomic Status and Cardiovascular Disease: an Update.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
Authorsde Mestral, C, Stringhini, S
JournalCurrent cardiology reports
Volume19
Issue11
Pagination115
Date Published09/2017
DOI10.1007/s11886-017-0917-z
Type of Articlereview
ISSN1534-3170
Mots-cléscardiovascular disease, Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology, Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control, Cardiovascular risk factors, High-income countries, Humans, Low- and middle-income countries, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Socioeconomic status
Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this paper is to summarize the recent and relevant evidence linking socioeconomic status (SES) to cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs).

RECENT FINDINGS: In high-income countries (HICs), the evidence continues to expand, with meta-analyses of large longitudinal cohort studies consistently confirming the inverse association between SES and several CVD and CVRFs. The evidence remains limited in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), where most of the evidence originates from cross-sectional studies of varying quality and external validity; the available evidence indicates that the association between SES and CVD and CVRFs depends on the socioeconomic development context and the stage in the demographic, epidemiological, and nutrition transition of the population. The recent evidence confirms that SES is strongly inversely associated with CVD and CVRFs in HICs. However, there remains a need for more research to better understand the way socioeconomic circumstances become embodied in early life and throughout the life course to affect cardiovascular risk in adult and later life. In LMICs, the evidence remains scarce; thus, there is an urgent need for large longitudinal studies to disaggregate CVD and CVRFs by socioeconomic indicators, particularly as these countries already suffer the greatest burden of CVD.

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28965316?dopt=Abstract

WOS ID (UT)

000412566300004

Alternate JournalCurr Cardiol Rep
Citation Key / SERVAL ID8404
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID28965316
                         

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