Vegetarian or gluten-free diets in patients with inflammatory bowel disease are associated with lower psychological well-being and a different gut microbiota, but no beneficial effects on the course of the disease.

TitreVegetarian or gluten-free diets in patients with inflammatory bowel disease are associated with lower psychological well-being and a different gut microbiota, but no beneficial effects on the course of the disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSchreiner, P, Yilmaz, B, Rossel, J-B, Franc, Y, Misselwitz, B, Scharl, M, Zeitz, J, Frei, P, Greuter, T, Vavricka, SR, Pittet, V, Siebenhüner, A, Juillerat, P, von Kanel, R, Macpherson, AJ, Rogler, G, Biedermann, L
Corporate AuthorsSwiss IBD Cohort Study Group
JournalUnited European gastroenterology journal
Volume7
Issue6
Pagination767-781
Date Published07/2019
DOI10.1177/2050640619841249
ISSN2050-6406
Mots-clésCrohn's disease, gluten-free, Inflammatory bowel disease, Nutrition, ulcerative colitis, vegetarian
Abstract

Background: Many inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients follow a restrictive diet due to perceived positive effects on their symptoms. We assessed the prevalence of vegetarian (VD) and gluten-free diets (GFDs) in IBD patients, the reasons for following such a diet, and whether nutrition has an impact on disease activity and microbiota composition.

Methods: We included 1254 patients from the Swiss Inflammatory Bowel Disease Cohort Study with prospective acquisition of clinical data and psychosocial, disease-related and lifestyle factors between 2006 and 2015. Dietary habits were assessed through a self-report questionnaire. In 92 patients, we analysed intestinal mucosa-associated microbial composition using high-throughput sequencing.

Results: Overall, 4.1% ( = 52) of the patients reported following a VD and 4.7% ( = 54) a GFD. No differences regarding disease activity, fistula, hospitalization or surgery rates were observed. Patients on a VD or GFD had significantly higher levels of post-traumatic stress symptoms. Furthermore, GFD patients had significantly higher anxiety and depression symptom levels. The gut microbiota composition in IBD patients following a VD or GFD was significantly different compared to that of omnivores.

Conclusions: Although we did not identify a relevant impact of a specific diet on the course of the disease, there was a significant association with lower psychological well-being in VD and GFD patients.

Alternate URL

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31316781?dopt=Abstract

WOS ID (UT)

000472572900006

Alternate JournalUnited European Gastroenterol J
Citation Key / SERVAL ID9691
Peer reviewRefereed
PubMed ID31316781
PubMed Central IDPMC6620875

                         

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