The association between body mass index and patients' experiences with inpatient care.

TitleThe association between body mass index and patients' experiences with inpatient care.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsPeytremann-Bridevaux, I, Kolly, V, Perneger, TV
JournalInt J Qual Health Care
Volume22
Issue2
Pagination140-4
Date Published2010 Apr
DOI10.1093/intqhc/mzq005
ISSN1464-3677
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Body Mass Index, Continuity of Patient Care, Cross-Sectional Studies, Educational Status, Female, Health Status, Hospitalization, Humans, Inpatients, Male, Middle Aged, Patient Education as Topic, Quality of Health Care, Social Support, Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between patients' body mass index (BMI) and their experiences with inpatient care.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Mail survey.

SETTING: University Hospital of Geneva.

PARTICIPANTS: Questionnaires were mailed to 2385 eligible adult patients, 6 weeks after discharge (response rate = 69%).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients' experiences with care were measured using the Picker inpatient survey questionnaire. BMI was calculated using self-reported height and weight. Main dependent variables were the global Picker patient experience (PPE-15) score and nine dimension-specific problem scores, scored from 0 (no reported problems) to 1 (all items coded as problems). We used linear regressions, adjusting for age, gender, education, subjective health, smoking and hospitalization, to assess the association between patients' BMI and their experiences with inpatient care.

RESULTS: Of the patients, 4.8% were underweight, 50.8% had normal weight, 30.3% were overweight and 14.1% were obese. Adjusted analysis shows that compared with normal weight, obesity was significantly associated with fewer problematic items in the surgery-related information domain, and being underweight or overweight was associated with more problematic items in the involvement of family/friends domain. The global PPE-15 score was significantly higher (more problems) for underweight patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Underweight patients, but not obese patients, reported more problems during hospitalization.

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20144942?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalInt J Qual Health Care
Citation Key / SERVAL ID2867
PubMed ID20144942

                         

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