Prevalence of methylphenidate prescription among school-aged children in a Swiss population: increase in the number of prescriptions in the Swiss Canton of Vaud, from 2002 to 2005, and changes in patient demographics.

TitlePrevalence of methylphenidate prescription among school-aged children in a Swiss population: increase in the number of prescriptions in the Swiss Canton of Vaud, from 2002 to 2005, and changes in patient demographics.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsGumy, C, Huissoud, T, Dubois-Arber, F
JournalJ Atten Disord
Volume14
Issue3
Pagination267-72
Date Published2010 Nov
DOI10.1177/1087054709356386
ISSN1557-1246
KeywordsAdolescent, Age Factors, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Central Nervous System Stimulants, Child, Child, Preschool, Drug Prescriptions, Drug Utilization, Female, Humans, Male, Methylphenidate, Practice Patterns, Physicians', Sex Factors, Switzerland
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Methylphenidate is prescribed for children and adolescents to treat ADHD. As in many Western countries, the increase in methylphenidate consumption is a public concern in Switzerland. The article discusses the authors' assessment of prescription prevalence in 2002 and 2005 for school-aged children in the canton of Vaud.

METHOD: Pharmacy prescription information is available from the regional public health authority. Descriptive analyses are conducted on an anonymized database of the years 2002 and 2005. Data for each year are compared to assess trends in methylphenidate prescription prevalence.

RESULTS: The findings show an increase from 0.74% to 1.02% in the number of prescriptions for 5- to 14-year-old children, particularly in prescriptions for girls. Data also show important geographical differences in prescription.

CONCLUSION: The prevalence of methylphenidate prescription is lower in Switzerland than other Western countries, particularly the United States. However, some aspects of prevalence are similar, including the increase per year, demographics, and geographic characteristics.

Alternate URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20484708?dopt=Abstract

Alternate JournalJ Atten Disord
Citation Key / SERVAL ID2896
PubMed ID20484708

                         

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